Hvordan komme inn blant verdens topp-10 universiteter?
I 2013 søkte jeg på et universitet i London som heter University College London, UCL. I følge QS World ranking rangeres universitetet som nummer 10 i verden. Universitetet har vært blant topp 10 de siste 6 årene. Kriteriene for å søke er karakterer fra videregående skole, anbefalingsbrev, motivasjonsbrev som også forteller om fritidsaktiviteter og hvordan du planlegger fremtiden din.
Her er mitt motivasjonsbrev:
Biochemistry is a subject I can learn about the chemical processes in living organisms, such as proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids and other biomolecules.
Firstly, I wanted to apply to medical studies in England. But UCL does not accept Norwegian student with Norwegian Secondary Qualification. Therefore, I will take bachelor degree in science. On studentroom.co.uk is recommended two options that are interested biochemistry and biomedical sciences. I chose Biochemistry because it concentrates a lot of chemistry. Biochemistry at UCL has Principles and Practice of Experimental Biochemistry already in the first year. The principles of Cellular Control is also important to learn if I want to understand how cells control cell reaction and how cancer develops uncontrollably.
I watched a documentary "How to Build a Beating Heart" which depicts a research by a military hospital in Massachusetts and saw a team of research doctors attempting to create artificial organs to replace malfunctioning organs so that patients have better lives. These have made me want to contribute and assist in the development of these artificial organs.
If I come to study for Biochemistry degree at UCL, I believe that I almost likely to:
Plan A; after I graduate from UCL with Biochemistry degree I want to apply to graduate medicine at Oxbridge. I want to become a doctor with ability to do a world’s class research.
Plan B; if I didn’t get into medicine after graduate, I will take a master in medical sciences degree at Oxbridge. After I graduate master degree from Oxbridge I will apply to graduate medicine or 6 years medicine program at Oxbridge.
UCL is one of the best university in the UK and worldwide. This year is UCL as number 4 in the world raking. If I have a bachelor’s degree from UCL, it also means that I am ready to compete for admission.
Biochemistry at UCL has everything needed to apply to graduate medicine.
To be admitted to graduate medicine I have to work hard with a bachelor’s degree. Do not just memorize the syllabus to get good grades. But also understand it well. First class honour degree is my goal.
There are many education I can study to become a doctor. The most important thing for me is which of discipline I should work on. Which of the subjects interest me.
I love both biology and chemistry. I will not choose one of them, but rather biochemistry. I would choose an education that I would enjoy it.
The scientific questions I would wish to find answers to by my study of Biochemistry are;
1. I want to find out why I’m a transsexual based on DNA level. For me it is not the environment that is the factor. It must be a type of mutation in the chromosome, DNA and genes.
2. What methods can we develop to stop cancer growth, and has a great effect but less inconvenience for the body and environment.
3. It is possible for men, transsexual, women who lack the uterus and ovary to get pregnant based on stem cell and organ transplantation?
This is a scientific experiment that I have read about.
Scientist working hard to find the way to grow replacement parts that can replace failing body parts.
Only in the U.S. are around 99,000 people on the waiting list for organ transplantation. Thousands of those die each year. When new bodies being put into human body, the body will recognize it as foreign and will alienate the rest of their lives. They have to live with medications as long as they live.
Today we can cultivate vibrant skin, blood vessels and even blanked hearts.
Anthony Atala from Wake forest University and his colleagues have cultivated living organs such as blood vessels, uterus, vagina, bladder and much more. Bladder is one of the grown organs that have already been tried on people with great success.
It’s almost 20 years ago Alta began efforts to cultivate vesicles. To replace damaged bladders. In 1998, Alta tested technique of unimaginable animals and started an experiment where he operated the new bladders in seven children with defective bladders.
In laboratory, they have grown tissue to replace the erectile tissues of the penis to 18 rabbits. Sponge is precisely the part of the genitals that can be filled with blood so that these penises get hard. The researchers take cells from the rabbit penises, cultivated them into ready penis parts and operated them, instead of the parts that were originally. After operation when wounds were healed, genitals seemed almost like normal. One of advantages of these methods is that we can use patient’s own cells to grow tissues and organs. This means the body will not support new body parts when they are inserted.
Cartilage tissue is composed of only one type of cells, and is not dependent on a blood transport to survive. This can be used for the treatment of cartilage damage. Today they have managed to take cartilage cells from the body, cultivate them for many cells and then injecting them into the joint during surgery. The cells are slightly different characteristics to how they are grown. The aim is that they should go back to the form they had in the body and form a smooth, nice bush and so they attach properly.
Researchers are also working to find a meth to repair hearts damaged by heart attack. They grow up different stem cells, cells that can develop into more specialized cell types. If they find the right cell type, stem cells can repair the damaged parts of the hearts. In the future we may even grown new hearts that can replace hearts that no longer works.
In reality, we are dependent on the body and the cell’s ability to organize themselves and do exercises. It is important to place the selected cells in an appropriate environment.
The major challenges in tissue engineering are to ensure that the organs or tissues get the right shape. The hearts must look like hearts. We can replace ureters with tissues that are tubular. Researchers have discovered materials that can be used to make blood vessels, urinary stirrer. Scientist removing cells from the bladder to of seven children, and caused them to grow and divide. Then they made bladder formed of a material, which could degrade in the body.
The result was that the cells beyond these tubular and made sure that they were exposed to the right neurotransmitters. Cells divide and grew to full, vibrant vesicles and interact with the body.
The cells in the body are stuck in framing- connective tissue. Researcher Taylor found a way to remove all the cells so she has left connective tissue in heart shape of a rat. Afterwards she could transmit cardiac cells from another rat. After four days they could see contraction in the new muscle tissue. Eight days pumping hearts. A benefit of using connective tissue is that they can send signals.
First tissue cells in an organ or tissue bearing is the connecting tissue. Also beginner connective tissue separating the signal substances that tell cells what to do. It’s just tissue that caused blood vessels to form, all by itself.
It is not only to produce bodies with appropriate cell types, but also blood supply. Because all cells need oxygen, nutrients and dispose of wastes. There are still several tasks that are not resolved. We need to identify cells that can be used to control, ways to control them and better biomaterials for construction. It cost very expensive for patients to have such treatment.
Med vennlig hilsen
Eirin Grinde Tunheim
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